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Author Guidelines


Submission of Manuscripts

JMT operates an online submission and peer review system that allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via a web interface. Authors should submit their manuscripts online at, following the instructions on the website. Sending manuscripts via E-mail ( will also be accepted. If you encounter any problems, please contact JMT editorial office.

Initial submission

Your initial submission should include the full text of your paper, with Tables and Figures attached alone, and you should

1.       Give a brief introduction to the novel findings of this work.

2.       Supply with names of 4-6 individuals who are experts in near related topic to the work for qualified reviewing for the manuscript. Suggested referees should not be from the same institutions as the author(s) to avoid afflict conflict of interest. For each potential reviewer please provide complete addresses including postal codes, fax numbers, and E-mail addresses. Authors are also permitted to request that the journal excludes one or two individuals or laboratories. The journal sympathetically considers such requests and usually honors them, but the editor’s decision on the choice of referees is final.

3.       Provide the information of all authors, including academic degrees, affiliation, telephone number, and E-mail address, and assign a corresponding author.

Submission of revised manuscript

Submit revised manuscript which marked all corrections via E-mail with a letter to answer the reviewer and editor's comments. 
The accepted manuscript must be prepared according to the final format of JMT.


Once the manuscript has been accepted, the corresponding author will receive PDF proofs and are responsible for proofreading and checking the entire article. Authors should correct only type-setting errors, and no major alteration of the text could be accepted.
Page proofs must be returned within 48 hours to avoid delays in publication.

Review Process and Acceptance

All articles are subject to strict peer review organized by the journal. Editors will forward your submission to several independent referees for review. The reviewers will make a recommendation regarding acceptance. They also may request revisions prior to acceptance. Final acceptance or rejection decision resides in the Editor-in-chief of JMT. In general, the review process takes up to 1-2 months from the date of submission, and the Editors will make every effort to reach a decision on a manuscript within this timeline. If revisions are required for further consideration for publication, we generally allow three months for revisions and only one round of revisions will be considered. If your paper is accepted for publication, one of editors will send you a formal letter of acceptance asking you to prepare and submit a final manuscript using the file Template of JMT.

Manuscript Preparation

Text components of the manuscript should be prepared with Microsoft Word and typed on only one side of A4 paper with 1.5 line spacing using 10.5 Pt Time New Roman font, with all pages numbered. For authors originating from China , one copy of the Chinese translation of the manuscript is also required (excluding references). Required information for each of the manuscript sections is as follows:

Title page

Tilt page should include title, author(s), and affiliation(s). The manuscript title should be concise and informative (removing all unnecessary words), not longer than 150 characters (including space), emphasize what is NEW, and avoid abbreviations. The name, professional title, affiliation (institution), city, zip code, and country of the author(s) should be given. Authors should be listed in full name, beginning with the first name or initials followed by the family name. If the authors are affiliated to different units, the affiliation sequence should be in the same order of the author list, marked at the right upper corner of the author names using 1,2,3, etc. Corresponding author's name, full postal address, telephone and fax numbers, and E-mail address should be provided.


An informative abstract of not more than 250 words must accompany each article on page one. It should be a concise summary of the aims, methods, results, and conclusions and/or other significant items in the paper. Together with the title, it must be adequate as an index to all the subjects treated in the paper, and will be used as a basis for indexing. It should be understandable without reference to the rest of paper, and contain no citation to other published work. Avoid displaying mathematical formulas. Define all nonstandard symbols and abbreviations. Do not use footnote indicators. If space permits, include any important new quantitative data. Summarized results should be exact, direct, and specific.

Key words

Please list 3-8 pieces of words or phrases for cross-indexing this article.


Text should contain an Introduction that puts the paper into perspective for readers. For most article types, the rest of the main text should be structured into Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions, and should include appropriate figures and tables. Data should be presented in the body text or figures and tables, not both. The SI system must be used for units of measurements throughout the text. Abbreviations, acronyms, and symbols must be fully defined the first time they are used in the paper; the definition should be given fist, followed by the abbreviated term in parentheses.

Figures and Tables

Figures and tables should be self-explanatory; i.e., the content of diagrams, tables and charts should be meaningful and understandable without extensive reference to the text of the article.

·         Numbering of Figures and Tables: Figures should be numbered in sequence according to the order of citation in the body of the paper, using Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3 and so on, each followed by a figure caption and positioned under figure. Tables should be numbered in a separate sequence, also according to the order of citation and using Arabic numerals, each followed by a table title and positioned above table. If required, parts of figures should be labeled with lowercase letters in parentheses, e.g., (a), (b), etc., with captions presented.

·         References to Figures and Tables: Figures and Tables should be mentioned clearly in the main text. References to figures in text should use the abbreviated, capitalized forms "Fig." or "Figs." References to tables should be written out in full and capitalized. Example: In Figs. 2(a) and 3, the results presented in Table 1 are depicted graphically.

·         Position of Figures and Tables: Figures and tables should be incorporated into the main text, positioned in the section where they are first mentioned.

·         Capitalization in Figures and Tables: Headings, subheadings, and other elements in tables should be treated like titles: the first letter of the first word should be capitalized, and all other words should be lower case unless they are commonly capitalized. Labels in figures may be capitalized or written in lower case, as long as a consistent style is used.

·         Color, resolution and size of Figures: Color should not be used for distinguishing data in line diagrams; instead use lettering, numbering or different types of line (full, dashed, dotted, etc.) or data point (square, triangle, cross, etc.). Note that light colors do not reproduce well when printed in black and white and could therefore make your data indistinguishable. For manuscript in revision stage, adequate figure resolution is essential to a high-quality print and online rendering of your paper. The minimal resolution is 300 dpi for grayscale and color images, and 600 dpi for combination art (lettering and images). Color figures should be prepared in CMYK mode. Generally figures should not exceed 8 cm in width, and the maximal width should not exceed 16 cm. Do not place a box or ruled frame around a finished figure.

·         Type of Tables: Tables should be drawn with three horizontal lines, at the top and bottom of the table and between the column headings and the table body (as shown in Table 1). The number and caption should be over the Table. Tables should supplement, not duplicate, the text.

Mathematical Expressions and Equations

·         Display vs. In-Text Equations: Short mathematical expressions may be run into the text of the paper. Long or important expressions and equations should be displayed. Displayed equations should be indented 4 mm. If an equation is too long to fit across one column, it should be broken after an operation or a relation symbol.

·         Numbering of Equations : Display equations to be cited in the text should be numbered with an Arabic numeral in parentheses, placed flush right. A group of related equations may be assigned a single number, which should be centered vertically to the right of the group. If a paper includes appendices with numbered equations, each appendix should have its own numbering sequence: (A-1), (B-1), and so on.

·         Italic vs. Non-Italic Characters : Numerals are set in non-italic type. Abbreviations and language-specific terms used as subscripts are also generally set in non-italic type. Variables are generally set in italics.

·         Scalars, Vectors, and Matrices: In general, scalar variables are set in italics, vector variables are set using bold, italic, lower-case letters, and matrix labels are set using bold, italic, upper-case letters. Bold vectors should not have arrows above the letter symbol.

·         Fractions : To minimize line spacing problems, fractions in text should be set with a solidus (forward slash “/”) on one line. Fractions in display equations should be stacked, but fractions in superscripts or subscripts may again use the solidus.

·         Spacing of Numbers: Numbers of four or more digits on left side of a decimal point should be grouped into sets of three digits. EXAMPLE: 2,487.9,  73,568.087,  0.18825.

·         Punctuation of Equations: Equations should be punctuated as part of the sentence to which they belong. Thus, they will often be followed by a period or a comma. Grouped equations should be separated by commas.

·         References to Equations: References to equations in text should use the relevant number enclosed in parentheses, preceded by “Eq.” or “Eqs.” which is the abbreviated form of “equation” or “equations” . EXAMPLE: In Eqs. (3) and (4), the value of a is negative. Eq. (5), however, presents a different result.

·         Definition of Variables : All variables should be defined at first use, either in the text or in a where list associated with the equation.


Financial support
including the source and number of grants), individuals, affiliation, or other to be concerned who were of direct help in the work, if any, should be acknowledged by a brief statement following the text. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission for acknowledgement.


Only essential references (journal article, monograph, proceedings, dissertation, report, standard, patent, and/or electronic publication, which were formally published) cited in the text can be listed in the order of their first mention in the text, and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in square brackets. Personal communications and unpublished data are not acceptable references.

The basic Springer reference style is used, and references should accord to the following general rules:

1.       Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal's name. Index Medicus and the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations ( are the reliable sources of the standard abbreviations used in journal titles.

2.       Capitalize only the first word in the title of an article, chapter, or book and any proper nouns.

The examples listed in Table 1 show the presentations to be used for citations of journal articles, journal issues, book chapters, books, patents, and gray literature.

Table 1  Different kinds of references and their presentation in basic Springer reference style.





Journal article

Smith J, Jones M Jr, Houghton L et al (1999) Future of health insurance. N Engl J Med 965:325–329


Inclusion of issue number (optional)

Saunders DS (1976) The biological clock of insects. Sci Am 234(2):114–121


Journal article with DOI (and with page numbers)

Slifka MK, Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med 78:74–80. doi:10.1007/s001090000086


Journal article by DOI (before issue publication with page numbers)

Slifka MK, Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. doi:10.1007/s001090000086


Article in electronic journal by DOI (no paginated version)

Slifka MK, Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Dig J Mol Med. doi:10.1007/s801090000086


Journal issue with issue editor

Smith J (ed) (1998) Rodent genes. Mod Genomics J 14(6):126–233


Journal issue with no issue editor

Mod Genomics J (1998) Rodent genes. Mod Genomics J 14(6):126–233


Book chapter

Brown B, Aaron M (2001) The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, p 234–295


Book, authored

South J, Blass B (2001) The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London


Book, edited

Smith J, Brown B (eds) (2001) The demise of modern genomics. Blackwell, London


Book, also showing a translated edition [Either edition may be listed first.]

Adorno TW (1966) Negative Dialektik. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt. English edition: Adorno TW (1973) Negative Dialectics (trans: Ashton EB). Routledge, London


Chapter in a book in a series without volume titles

Schmidt H (1989) Testing results. In: Hutzinger O (ed) Handbook of environmental chemistry, vol 2E. Springer, Heidelberg, p 111


Chapter in a book in a series with volume titles

Smith SE (1976) Neuromuscular blocking drugs in man. In: Zaimis E (ed) Neuromuscular junction. Handbook of experimental pharmacology, vol 42. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 593–660


Online First chapter in a series (without a volume designation but with a DOI)

Saito Y, Hyuga H (2007) Rate equation approaches to amplification of enantiomeric excess and chiral symmetry breaking. Top Curr Chem. doi:10.1007/128_2006_108


Proceedings as a book (in a series and subseries)

Zowghi D et al (1996) A framework for reasoning about requirements in evolution. In: Foo N, Goebel R (eds) PRICAI'96: topics in artificial intelligence. 4th Pacific Rim conference on artificial intelligence, Cairns, August 1996. Lecture notes in computer science (Lecture notes in artificial intelligence), vol 1114. Springer, Heidelberg, p 157


Proceedings with an editor (without a publisher)

Aaron M (1999) The future of genomics. In: Williams H (ed) Proceedings of the genomic researchers, Boston, 1999


Proceedings without an editor (without a publisher)

Chung S-T, Morris RL (1978) Isolation and characterization of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid from Streptomyces fradiae. In: Abstracts of the 3rd international symposium on the genetics of industrial microorganisms, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 4–9 June 1978


Paper presented at a conference

Chung S-T, Morris RL (1978) Isolation and characterization of plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid from Streptomyces fradiae. Paper presented at the 3rd international symposium on the genetics of industrial microorganisms, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 4–9 June 1978


Patent. Name and date of patent are optional

Norman LO (1998) Lightning rods. US Patent 4,379,752, 9 Sept 1998



Trent JW (1975) Experimental acute renal failure. Dissertation, University of California


Institutional author (book)

International Anatomical Nomenclature Committee (1966) Nomina anatomica. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam


Non-English, Latin alphabet publication cited in an English publication. NB: Use the language of the primary document, not that of the reference for "vol" etc.!

Wolf GH, Lehman P-F (1976) Atlas der Anatomie, vol 4/3, 4th edn. Fischer, Berlin


Non-Latin alphabet publication cited in an English publication. Optional are the title of the publicaton in the original language (and alphabet) and an English translation, which are placed in parentheses when they are present.

Marikhin VY, Myasnikova LP (1977) Nadmolekulyarnaya struktura polimerov (The supramolecular structure of polymers). Khimiya, Leningrad


In press

Major M et al (2007) Recent developments. In: Jones W (ed) Surgery today. Springer, Dordrecht (in press)


Online document

Doe J (1999) Title of subordinate document. In: The dictionary of substances and their effects. Royal Society of Chemistry. Available via DIALOG. of subordinate document. Accessed 15 Jan 1999


Online database

Healthwise Knowledgebase (1998) US Pharmacopeia, Rockville. Accessed 21 Sept 1998


Supplementary material/private homepage

Doe J (2000) Title of supplementary material. Accessed 22 Feb 2000


University site

Doe J (1999) Title of preprint. Accessed 25 Dec 1999


FTP site

Doe J (1999) Trivial HTTP, RFC2169. Accessed 12 Nov 1999


Organization site

ISSN International Centre (2006) The ISSN register. Accessed 20 Feb 2007

Open Access

1.       All articles published by Journal of Modern Transportation are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers.  All articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence ( by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provide that original work is properly cited. More information about Springer open access can be found at

2.       The open-access publication costs for Journal of Modern Transportation are covered by Southwest Jiaotong University, so authors do not need to pay an open-access fee.

Permission Grants

If the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including material from on-line or intranet sources), it is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts.

Submission of a manuscript will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere at the same time. Papers published in JMT are protected by copyright

Further Information

·         After papers are published, JMT will send a print copy of the journal to the author(s).

·         For more information, contact us through 

Tel: 86-28-66366847 (Editor)

       86-28-66367562 (Office)

86-28-66366552 (Managing editor)

Fax: 86-28-66366552


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