Travelers' attitudes toward carpooling in Lahore:motives and constraints
Muhammad Ashraf Javid1, Tahir Mehmood2, Hafiz Muhammad Asif2, Ahsan Ullah Vaince2, Mohsin Raza3*
1 College of Engineering and Architecture, University of Nizwa, Nizwa, Oman;
2 Department of Transportation Engineering and Management, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan;
3 Roadway, Traffic and Transportation Safety Research Center, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, UAE
Abstract Traffic congestion has become a critical issue in developing countries, as it tends to increase social costs in terms of travel cost and time, energy consumption and environmental degradation. With limited resources, reducing travel demand by influencing individuals' travel behavior can be a better long-term solution. To achieve this objective, alternate travel options need to be provided so that people can commute comfortably and economically. This study aims to identify key motives and constraints in the consideration of carpooling policy with the help of stated preference questionnaire survey that was conducted in Lahore City. The designed questionnaire includes respondents' socioeconomic demographics, and intentions and stated preferences on carpooling policy. Factor analysis was conducted on travelers' responses, and a structural model was developed for carpooling. Survey and modeling results reveal that social, environmental and economic benefits, disincentives on car use, preferential parking treatment for carpooling, and comfort and convenience attributes are significant determinants in promoting carpooling. However, people with strong belief in personal privacy, security, freedom in traveling and carpooling service constraints would have less potential to use the carpooling service. In addition, pro-auto and pro-carpooling attitudes, marital status, profession and travel purpose for carpooling are also underlying factors. The findings implicate that to promote carpooling policy it is required to consider appropriate incentives on this service and disincentives on use of private vehicle along with modification of people's attitudes and intentions.