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JMT 2016, Vol. 24 Issue (4) :237-250    DOI: 10.1007/s40534-016-0112-8
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Review of recent progress in studies on noise emanating from rail transit bridges
Xiaozhen Li, Dewang Yang, Guiyuan Chen, Yadong Li, Xun Zhang*
Department of Bridge Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China

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Abstract In recent years, there has been rapid growth of Chinese rail transit networks. Many of these networks require elevated bridges. This results in a bridge-borne noise source, which occurs in addition to the main noise source (i.e., wheel-rail interactions). Bridge-borne noise is attracting increasing attention because of its low-frequency noise characteristics. This review paper first analyzes the space distribution, spectral characteristics, and sound pressure levels of noise radiated by all-concrete, steel-concrete composite, and all-steel bridges, mainly according to experimental studies. Second, this paper reviews existing theoretical prediction models of noise emanating from bridges:the semianalytical method, the Rayleigh integral method, the boundary element method, and statistical energy analysis. Several case studies are reviewed, and their results are discussed. Finally, according to the results of the current review, the main factors affecting bridgeborne noise are analyzed, several noise reduction measures are proposed for different types of bridges, and their effectiveness is demonstrated.
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KeywordsRail transit   Bridge   Vibration   Noise   Noise control     
Received 2016-01-25;

The authors are grateful for financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51308469 and 51378429) and the International Cooperation Program of Sichuan Province (Grant No. 2016HH0076).

Corresponding Authors: Xun Zhang,zhxunxun@swjtu.edu.cn;Xiaozhen Li,xzhli@swjtu.edu.cn;Yadong Li,ydli@swjtu.edu.cn     Email: zhxunxun@swjtu.edu.cn;xzhli@swjtu.edu.cn;ydli@swjtu.edu.cn
Cite this article:   
Xiaozhen Li, Dewang Yang, Guiyuan Chen, Yadong Li, Xun Zhang.Review of recent progress in studies on noise emanating from rail transit bridges[J]  JMT, 2016,V24(4): 237-250
http://jmt.swjtu.edu.cn/EN/10.1007/s40534-016-0112-8      or     http://jmt.swjtu.edu.cn/EN/Y2016/V24/I4/237
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