Abstract Wireless communication for high-speed railways (HSRs) that provides reliable and high data rate communication between the train and trackside networks is a challenging task. It is estimated that the wireless communication traffic could be as high as 65 Mbps per high-speed train. The development of such HSR communications systems and standards requires, in turn, accurate models for the HSR propagation channel. This article provides an overview of existing HSR channel measurement campaigns in recent years. Particularly, some important measurement and modeling results in various HSR scenarios, such as viaduct and U-shaped groove (USG), are briefly described and analyzed. In addition, we review a novel channel sounding method, which can highly improve the measurement efficiency in HSR environment.
This research was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundations (Nos. 61032002 and 61102050), the National Science and Technology Major Project (No. 2011ZX03001-007-01), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (No. 4122061), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2012YJS005).
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